Posted: Mar 14, 2017 12:06 AM MDT
Updated: Mar 14, 2017 12:06 AM MDT
2010: Actor Peter Graves, best known for his starring role in the TV series "Mission: Impossible" from 1967 to 1973 and its revival from 1988 to 1990, dies of a heart attack at the age of 83 in Los Angeles, California. Graves, whose brother was fellow actor James Arness, was also known for roles in "Stalag 17," "Airplane!" and the 1983 miniseries "The Winds of War" and for hosting the A&E documentary series "Biography."
1995: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle, doing so in the Soyuz TM-21 spacecraft for the Russian Mir-18 mission. Thagard spent 115 days on the Russian space station before returning to Earth with the space shuttle Atlantis on July 7, 1995.
1979: Actor Chris Klein, best known for his role in the "American Pie" series of films and other movies like "Election" and "Rollerball," is born in Hinsdale, Illinois.
1975: Actress and singer Susan Hayward, a five-time Academy Award nominee for Best Actress, dies of brain cancer at age 57 in Hollywood, California. Hayward received her first Best Actress nomination for her performance in 1947's "Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman." She received subsequent nominations for her roles in "My Foolish Heart," "With a Song in My Heart" and "I'll Cry Tomorrow" before finally winning for portrayal of death row inmate Barbara Graham in 1958's "I Want to Live!"
1974: Actress Grace Park, best known for her roles in the TV series remakes "Battlestar Galactica" and "Hawaii Five-0," is born in Los Angeles, California.
1967: The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place and memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. Kennedy had originally been buried in a smaller plot at the cemetery on Nov. 25, 1963, and his grave was visited by an estimated 16 million people in the first three years after his death. The grave is marked with the "eternal flame" and his wife, first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, was buried next to him in 1994. The remains of Kennedy's brothers, Sens. Robert F. Kennedy and Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy, are buried nearby.
1964: A jury in Dallas, Texas, finds nightclub owner Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, presumed assassin of President John F. Kennedy. Ruby appealed the conviction and his subsequent death sentence and was granted a new trial. As the date for his new trial was being set, he became ill and died of lung cancer on Jan. 3, 1967.
1960: Hall of Fame center fielder Kirby Puckett, who spent his entire 12-year baseball career playing with the Minnesota Twins, winning two World Series titles in 1987 and 1991, is born in Chicago, Illinois. He is the Twins franchise's all-time leader in career hits, runs, doubles and total bases. He was forced to retire at age 35 due to loss of vision in one eye from a central retinal vein occlusion, at which time his .318 career batting average was the highest by any right-handed American League batter since Joe DiMaggio. He died at the age of 45 on March 6, 2006, the day after suffering a massive hemorrhagic stroke.
1951: For the second time during the Korean War, United Nations troops recapture Seoul. After losing the city on June 28, 1950, it had originally been retaken on Sept. 25, 1950, before being taken by North Korean forces again on Jan 4, 1951, as a result of their Chinese New Year's Offensive. As a result of being conquered four times in the course of a year, Seoul was in ruins by the time UN troops recaptured it, with the 1.5 million pre-war population falling to 200,000, and people suffering from severe food shortages.
1948: Actor and comedian Billy Crystal, who rose to fame on TV in "Soap" and "Saturday Night Live" before starring in movies such as "When Harry Met Sally..." and "City Slickers," is born New York City. Crystal is also known for hosting the Academy Awards ceremony nine times and for voicing the character of Mike Wazowski in "Monsters, Inc."
1942: Orvan Hess and John Bumstead become the first doctors in the United States to successfully to treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
1941: Film director and screenwriter Wolfgang Petersen, who was nominated for two Academy Awards for the 1981 World War II submarine warfare film "Das Boot," is born in Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany. Petersen is also known for directing movies such as "The NeverEnding Story," "In the Line of Fire," "Air Force One" and "The Perfect Storm."
1933: Record producer, composer and conductor Quincy Jones, who has won 27 Grammys in a career spanning five decades, is born in Chicago, Illinois. Jones was the producer of Michael Jackson's albums "Thriller," and was the producer and conductor of the charity song "We Are the World." He's also worked with artists such as Frank Sinatra, Dinah Washington, Ray Charles, Little Richard, Ella Fitzgerald, Aretha Franklin and Donna Summer. Jones has scored more than 30 motion pictures, including "In Cold Blood," "In the Heat of the Night," "The Wiz" and "The Color Purple," earning seven Oscar nominations in his career.
1933: Balto, the Siberian Husky noted for his role in the 1925 serum run to Nome, Alaska, dies at the age of 14. Balto led his team of sled dogs on the final leg of the run that transported diphtheria antitoxin from Anchorage, Alaska, to Nenana, Alaska, by train and then to Nome by dog sled to combat an outbreak of the disease. The run is commemorated by the annual Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
1932: George Eastman, the American innovator and entrepreneur who founded the Eastman Kodak Company, commits suicide with a single shot to the heart at the age of 77 in Rochester, New York. Over the last two years of his life, Eastman had been in intense pain caused by a disorder affecting his spine.
1928: Frank Borman, an astronaut and commander of the Apollo 8 mission that took the first manned flight around the moon in 1968, is born in Gary, Indiana. Before flying on Apollo, he set a 14-day spaceflight endurance record on Gemini 7. He also received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and served as the CEO of Eastern Air Lines from 1975 to 1986 after leaving NASA.
1927: Pan American Airlines incorporates. The airline, commonly known as Pan Am, would become the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on Dec. 4, 1991.
1925: Walter Camp, one of the most accomplished persons in the early history of football, dies of heart failure at age 65 in New York City. Known as the "Father of American Football," he invented the sport's line of scrimmage and the system of downs and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951. He played collegiately at Yale College and later served as a head coach at both Yale and Stanford University, compiling a coaching record of 79-5-3. His Yale teams of 1888, 1891, and 1892 have been recognized as national champions.
1920: Cartoonist Hank Ketcham, who created the "Dennis the Menace" comic strip, writing and drawing it from 1951 to 1994, is born in Seattle, Washington. He died of prostate cancer at age 81 on June 1, 2001.
1914: Henry Ford announces a new continuous motion method to assemble cars. The process decreased the time to make a car from 12 and a half hours to 93 minutes.
1914: Race car driver Lee Petty, one of the pioneers of NASCAR and one of its first superstars, is born near Randleman, North Carolina. He was the winner of the inaugural Daytona 500 in 1959 and won the NASCAR Championship on three occasions. Petty was also the patriarch of the Petty racing family that included sons Richard (NASCAR's all-time race winner) and Maurice, grandson Kyle and great-grandson Adam, who became the first fourth-generation driver in NASCAR history before dying during a Busch Series practice session in May 2000. Lee Petty died of an abdominal aortic aneurysm at the age of 86 on April 5, 2000.
1910: Drilling near Bakersfield, California, the Lakeview Oil Company hits an unexpected amount of oil at their Number One well, creating a large blowout that overloaded storage tanks and turned the natural gas drilling operation into an immense out-of-control oil geyser. The Lakeview Gusher, as it became known, would release an estimated 9 million barrels of crude oil before it was brought under control 18 months later, making it the largest accidental oil spill in history.
1900: The Gold Standard Act is signed into law by President William McKinley, establishing gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money in the United States. Previously the country had used a bimetallism standard, which had allowed silver as well as gold.
1883: German philosopher and political theorist Karl Marx, who played a significant role in the establishment of the social sciences and the development of the socialist movement, dies of bronchitis and pleurisy at the age of 64 in London, England. Considered one of the greatest economists of all time, Marx published numerous books during his lifetime, most notably "The Communist Manifesto" and "Das Kapital."
1879: Albert Einstein, the theoretical physicist and Nobel Prize laureate who developed the general theory of relativity, is born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire.
1794: Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin, a mechanical device that removes the seeds from cotton, a process that had previously been extremely labor intensive.
1743: The first recorded town meeting in America takes place at Faneuil Hall in Boston, Massachusetts.